Below you will find an overview of all the sights and excursions that you can experience with us in Egypt. For more information, simply click on the words underlined in the text.
The Arab Republic of Egypt has almost 90 million inhabitants. The area north of Cairo is called Lower Egypt, south of it is Upper Egypt. The official language is Arabic. Foreign languages are English. About 90% of the population is Muslim and 10% Christian.
The history of Egypt as a united country begins about 5000 years ago, that is, around 3000 BC with the union of Upper and Lower Egypt. Since the year 640 after Christ the country is Islamic.
Since the revaluation of the Egyptian pound (“LE”) in November 2016, a holiday in Egypt has become very cheap. The general cost of living is only a fraction of the usual prices in European countries. Our guided individual tours offer you maximum security and comfort.
Trips between Al-Minya and Asyut
About 20 km south of Al-Minya and 430 km north of Luxor are found 39 tombs of nobles from the time around 2200 – 1900 before Christ. These graves are famous for their painted scenes from the everyday life of ancient Egypt. So you can admire scenes with artisans and wrestlers.
Not far from Beni Hasan, near the village of Al Ashmunin (420 km north of Luxor) are the ruins of the former capital of the 15th Egyptian province. The settlements date back to the year 2500 BC.
Just 4 km further south, we arrive at the small village of Armarna, which is quite right in the middle between these Al-Minya and Asyut. Here you will find the ruins of Achet-Aton, the home of the famous Pharaoh Echn’Aton, his wife Nefertiti and probably the place where Tut-Anch-Amun grew up.
Trips in Sohag
The city of Sohag is located about 180 kilometers north of Luxor. There you will find the archaeologically significant Abydos. In Abydos one finds the oldest traces of Egyptian culture from pre-Dynastic times. In November 2016 installations were found there, which date back to the year 3300 BC and thus are older than 5000 years.
In addition to an immense number of tombs from pre- and early Dynastic times in the Umm el-Qaab and Kom el-Sultan sites, the most important are the Osiron (a temple from the 19th Dynasty dedicated to the god of the dead Osiris) and the dead temple of Setho The first of which is about 3300 years old. The temple of Sethos the First is mainly famous for its so-called royal gallery. The names of all Pharaohs, known at that time, were carved in stone.
Trips in Quina
Not far from the city of Qina, 55 kilometers north of Luxor is the temple of Dandarah. Originally built in the Old Kingdom (2700 to 2200 BC), the temple was rebuilt by the Ptolemies in late Egyptian times. The reconstruction lasted for almost two centuries and was only completed by the Romans. The temple is superbly preserved and an absolute sight.
From Luxor to Hurghada it is about 300 km to the north-east or 4 hours by coach. The city with its 160,000 inhabitants is THE tourist center on the Red Sea. The largest share of tourism are visitors from Russia, England and Germany. In addition to the historic old town, this seaside resort offers all kinds of water sports such as diving or jet-sky and is ideal for those who would like to enjoy the classic spoil-bathing holiday (also following a historic round trip).
Luxor is the city with the most and important sights in Egypt. The city is located west and east of the Nile and has about half a million inhabitants. The historical name of the city is Thebes.
The place of our office is located in Luxor. This is your home for the duration of your stay (unless you book something else). Luxor has its own airport, which can be reached in about 30 minutes by car from the city.
The climate in Luxor is highly dependent on the season. As in Germany, the period from December to March is the coldest. While the temperature during the day drops below 20 ° C even during this time, the nights of 6 to 7 ° C can be quite cool during these months. Then you should bring one or two sweaters. By June the temperatures rise slowly to 41 ° C (at night to 24 ° C) and then return month after month.
The temple complex in Karnak is the largest in Egypt and is located about 2 km north of the city center on the Nile. The oldest buildings of the complex date back more than 4,000 years. During the Roman era, the temples were constantly expanded and rebuilt. The total size of the complex is spread over 30 hectares, with a myriad of sacred places waiting for visitors. Partly small and covert, partly really impressive, such as the large colonnade, where 134 columns were distributed over an area of 103×53 meters, which are partial over 22 meters high. Many parts of this temple complex are still very well preserved today.
In 2 km distance from the Karnak temple complexes and connected with these by an avenue of sphinxes stands right in the center of Luxor right on the east bank of the Nile of the Luxor Temple. Its construction dates back more than 3500 years. The temple, like the entire Karnak complex, is on the list of UNESCO World Heritage sites.
The museums of Luxor
The Luxor Museum houses exhibits from the Thebes West region and the surroundings of Luxor. Among them are the tomb deposits of the royal tombs in the Valley of the Kings, also from the tomb of Tutankhun Amun. The reconstruction of an 18-meter-long wall from the reign of Echn’Aton, whose remains were used after the end of his reign as a filling material for a pylon in Karnak. On it are rare scenes from the life of the royal family from this time to see.
Also on the east side of the Nile, near the Luxor Temple, is the Mumification Museum. Here you will learn everything about ancient Egyptian procedures for the preservation of the dead.
Another special highlight in Luxor is the “Old Winter Palace” hotel. Built in 1886, the 5-star Luxushotel has hosted many foreign heads of state, kings and famous personalities. It is located right next to the Luxur Temple and was also the site of the novel “Death on the Nile” by Agatha Christie – as well as the location of the movie some years later. The “Old Winter Palace” is a source of absolute luxury where you can of course choose whether you want to enjoy this luxury only for a few hours at the bar or on the terrace or whether you want to enjoy this fabulous place with its enchanting gardens for a long time Home
The west bank of the Nile was reserved for the dead among the ancient Egyptians, because in the west the sun goes down and is reborn the next morning in the east. On the west bank of Luxor (also known as the Necropolis of Thebes-West), there are various grave sites and memorials. Through the desert-like, rocky landscape is a small mountain chain, which is still visible from East Luxor and above all lies a breath of eternal immutability. The necropolis can be roughly divided into three areas: the area around the temple complexes of the Pharaohs Hatshepsut, the Valley of the Kings (later expanded around the Valley of the Queens and Nobles) and the area of Medinet Habu with its various death stamps.
On the west bank of Luxor, about 3 kilometers from the Nile River, near the Valley of the Kings stands the imposing Temple of Hatshepsut, one of Egypt’s few female pharaohs. It dates back to around 1450 BC and differs from all other Egyptian temples in its unusual terraced architecture. The temple itself is well preserved and has a large number of smaller cappings.
The list of superlatives at archaeological sites of world rank is long in Luxor. The Valley of the Kings, however, has a special position on this list. About 5 km north-west of the city center of Luxor, 64 tombs of pharaohs (mainly between 1500 and 1000 BC) have been found here. The valley is enclosed by the Theban mountains and the tombs are partly in excellent condition. The area was famous for the only found of an untouched grave – the tomb of Tut-Ansch-Amun by the Englishman Howard Carter in November 1922.
The Valley of the Queens lies south of the Valley of the Kings, but not only members of the royal families, but also nobles and high officials were buried here. The earliest graves date back to the 18th dynasty (about 1500 BC).
The so-called Valley of the Nobles stretches between the Valley of the Kings and the Valley of the Queens, and contains several hundred private tombs and chapels. Here you can admire some very elaborate wall paintings.
In this archaeological site you will find the settlement of the workers who built the grave sites in this area. The settlement was inhabited between the 15th and 10th century BC and gives interesting insights into the daily life of ordinary workers with their finds.
On the way from the west bank to the Valley of the Kings are the so-called Colossi of Memnon, two colossal statues dating back to the 14th century BC They are the remains of a temple that was destroyed by an earthquake in ancient times. Impressive on the statues is their size. So weighs one of them including pedestals over 1000 tons. The dimensions of the pedestals are 10 * 5 meters and the higher of them has a size of 18 meters.
The Ramesseum is the most important temple of Ramses of the Second. It lies about 5 km from the west bank on the way to the Valley of the Kings and dates from the 13th century BC.
Also Medinet Habu is part of the necropolis Theben-West. Here is the temple complex of Ramses III. From the 12th century BC. The huge complex measures 315 * 205 meters and was dedicated to the god Amun. The complex represents the construction of ancient Egyptian temples in a nearly perfect way and is in a good state of preservation.
The temple of Sethi the First on the west bank of Luxor in El Qurna has an age of about 3300 years. It was reopened after extensive renovation work in 2004. Nevertheless, only a hypostyle hall and remains of the entrance spylone and the column intersections are obtained from the entire system. The area is nevertheless worth seeing.
Trips between Luxor and Assuan
The city of Esna is located about 55 kilometers south of Luxor. The Temple of Ptolemy and Roman times is located in the middle of the city of Esna. The entrance to the former temple is preserved.
About 70 kilometers south of Luxor is the village el-cape with the remains of the ancient city of Nacheb. Here you will find a temple built in the Middle Kingdom (with a very well-preserved city wall) dating back to 600 BC. Under Psammetich the First it was greatly expanded. In addition, there are a number of very beautiful tombs of local nobles.
Well, 85 kilometers south of Luxor, you come to the small town of Edfu. Here you can admire one of the best preserved temples in all of Egypt. It was built in the years 237 to 57 BC and was consecrated to the falcon god Horus.
The city of Kom Ombo is located about 150 kilometers south of Luxor and 40 kilometers north of Aswan. There, around 300 BC, there was a double temple, that is, ONE building, which was also consecrated to TWO gods (the crocodile god “Sobek” and the falcon god “Horus”). This makes this temple a special case in Egyptian history. In a side building of the temple one can still admire mummified crocodiles today.
Aswan is the southernmost city of Egypt. From here to Luxor it is about 230 kilometers, depending on the route. With 281,000 inhabitants, Aswan is the fourth-largest city in Luxor and has an international airport, like Luxor and Cairo. Its administrative area extends to the south to the Sudan. Also Aswan offers a number of interesting sights:
The best-preserved temple of Isis on the island of Agilkia is also known as Philae Temple, because it was originally built on the island of Philae. After Philae had regularly sank in the floods of the dam, the temple was moved to the island of Agilkia in the years 1977 to 1980. The Isis Temple is the last place where ancient Egyptian religion was practiced. It was not closed until the year 537 AD by the Emperor Justinian.
In the city of Aswan, one finds the quarries from the Rosengranite, from which many statues and cult objects were made in ancient Egyptian buildings. In the northern part of the quarries there is a half-finished obelisk of 4 * 4 meters of ground and a length of more than 41 meters. A long crack in the stone was probably the reason for the demolition of the works. In the event of its completion, the largest obelisk of antiquity with a weight of well over 1000 tons would have originated
The city of Aswan is situated in the first Nile Cataclysm, the island of Elephantine, which probably owes its name to the ivory trade practiced here earlier (“Abu” means elephant). Here you will find the ruined remains of ancient Egyptian temples, the Nilometer already described in Roman times and rebuilt in 1870. The picturesque, palm-rich island has a size of 1500 by 500 meters and is very popular with tourists.
Between the island of Elephantine and the west bank of Aswan is the small island El-Atrun (because of its former owner also called Kitchener Island). The island, which is a botanical garden (today in the possession of the state), is a place of relaxation for tourists as well as for the people of Assuan because of its beauty of plants and flowers.
There are two museums in Aswan. On the one hand the somewhat smaller Aswan Museum on the island of Elephantine with exhibits, which were found during the construction of the dam, extended by finds on the island Elehantine. On the other hand, the Nubian Museum with exhibits and documentaries on the Nubian history with 6000 years old ceramic shells and the relocation of Nubian villages in the present through the artificial lake.
On the west bank of Aswan is the 130 meter high mountain Qubbet el-Hawa. Various tombs of the Egyptian nobles were predominantly beaten there from the time of the 6th to the 12th Dynasty (2300 to 1900 BC). The traces of the sarcophagi that lead up the mountain are still visible from the other side of the Nile. It’s worth a visit.
Three kilometers to the south is the mausoleum of the Aga Khan, a building built of Aswan granite for the leader of an Islamic faith group who died in 1957. The house of his widow leaves a red rose to the snow-white marble rack every day.
Across from the rock tombs and the islands of Kitchener and Elephantine, in December 1899 the luxury hotel Old-Cataract was built in a Victorian style. Like the Winter Palace Hotel in Luxor, the novel “Tod am Nil” was also filmed in this hotel. The Old-Cataract Hotel also housed state presidents, kings and celebrities. Who was allowed to enjoy a sunset on the terraces of this hotel with a cup of tea and the view of Aswan will not forget so quickly.
The new highdam at the Nasser reservoir was inaugurated in 1971. It is located about 13 km south of Aswan, is almost 4km long, 111 meters high and at the crown 40 meters wide. The 500-kilometer-long Nasser dam is the fourth-largest in the world.
The Kalabsha Temple, like the temples of Philae and Abu Simbel after the construction of the dam, was transferred to the island of New Kalabscha about 1.5 kilometers south of the highdam, as its original location was flooded by the dam. The temple dates from the 18th Dynasty (15th century BC) and was extended to Roman times. It has impressive proportions with 66 * 92 meters and is in a good condition of preservation.
280 kilometers south of Aswan and some 500 kilometers south of Luxor one reaches Abu Simbel. The small village of less than 3000 inhabitants is famous for its splendid temples of Ramses II and its wife Nefertari. The temples, originally built as a power demonstration against the peoples of southern Egypt in the 13th century BC, were saved in 1979 in a spectacular displacement action before sinking into the Nasser reservoir. They are now on an island which is connected to the village of Abu Simbel by a navigable bridge.